Testicular Cancer

male doctor going through medical records with his senior male patient

About Testicular Cancer

The testicles are part of the male reproductive system that are contained within a thin layer of skin called the scrotum sac. The functions of the testicles are to produce sperm and testosterone hormone.  More than 90 percent of cancers of the testes develop in germ cells—cells that make sperm. The two main types of germ cell tumors include Seminomas—tumors that tend to grow and spread slowly, and Non-seminomas—tumors that usually occur in younger men through their early thirties. Typical indicators of testicular cancer include a lump or swelling of the testicle, soreness of the breast, lower back pain, and early puberty. Testicular cancer is typically treated with surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy.